The great Yangzi river was the once biggest river channel for military battles during the Three Kingdoms (RTK) era. The area being the most effected was Hefei where constant river warfare had cause chaos and forcing thousands of peasants from migratign to other parts of the river for survival. This is where Wei and Wu fought it out. Where Wei is the attacker and being very aggressive but was constantly being defeated by Wu’s naval/navy ships and naval/navy strengths. This was largely the lack of navy battles by the Wei Northern warriors/soldiers. Cao Cao was not verse in sea or naval battles therefore, he made multiple mistakes.
The most used naval battle techniques is the fire boats which attack with great number of them crashing into enemy’s battle vessal/ships. The battle of Red cliffs was one of the famous example.
Various classes of vessels are known of under names such as “Flying Cloud” and “Green Dragon Warship”, and according to Pei Songzhi’s annotations, a ship carrying 80 horses was considered to be small. Certainly, Wu shipbuilding had progressed onto an advanced level, as evidenced by the expedition of 10,000 warriors to Sichuan (then called Yizhou) in 230. It is also known that these ships existed on a large scale. When Wu was finally conquered by Jin in 280, some 50,000 vessels – some of which were for transport – were seized. The ultimate Jin victory owed much unto the fact that Wang Jun’s fleet was more powerful than the southern water forces, and that he was able to outflank Wu from the west. As long as Wu held control of the waterways, no army from the north could succeed in conquering Wu.
Zhouyu’s Warship in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms Era
Wuxi China – Romance of the Three Kingdoms Park
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