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CHAPTER 7. Yuan Shao Fights Gongsun Zan At The River Pan; Sun Jian Attacks Liu Biao Across The Great River.

| Articles of Ancient China, English Version - Romance of the Three Kingdoms Novel | March 6, 2011

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At the close of the last chapter Sun Jian was
surrounded. However, aided by Cheng Pu, Huang
Gai, and Han Dang, he eventually fought his way
through, though with the loss of more than half his
troops. Sun Jian he returned to the South Land,
southeast of the Great River ((Yangtze River)).
Henceforward Sun Jian and Liu Biao were open
Yuan Shao was in Henei. Being short of supplies,
he sent to borrow from the Imperial Protector of
Jizhou, Han Fu, whence he obtained the wherewithal
to support his army. Then one of Yuan Shao’s
advisers, Peng Ji, said to him, “You are really the
strongest power here about; why then depend upon
another for food? Jizhou is rich and wide; why not
seize it?”
“I have no good plan,” replied Yuan Shao.
“You could secretly send a letter to Gongsun Zan,
asking him to attack, promising him your support.
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Imperial Protector Han Fu of Jizhou, being
incapable, must ask you to take over his region, and
you will get it without lifting a finger.”
So the letter was sent. When Gongsun Zan saw
therein the proposal to make a joint attack and divide
the territory, he agreed to give his help. In the
meantime Yuan Shao had sent to warn Han Fu of
Gongsun Zan’s threat. Han Fu sought advice from
Advisers Xun Chang and Xin Ping.
Xun Chang said, “Governor Gongsun Zan of
Beiping is commanding a huge and strong army. If
he came to attack us, we could not stand against
him, especially if he had the help of Liu Bei and his
brothers. At present, Yuan Shao is bolder than most,
and he has many able and famous leaders under
him. You cannot do better than ask him to assist in
administering this region. Yuan Shao will certainly
treat you with generosity, and you need have no fear
from Gongsun Zan.”
Han Fu agreed and sent a message to Yuan
Shao by the hand of Guan Chun.
But the commander of the palace, Geng Wu,
remonstrated with his master, saying, “Yuan Shao is
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a needy man with a hungry army and as dependent
on us for existence as an infant in arms on its
mother. Stop the flow of milk and the infant dies.
Why should you hand the region over to him? It is
nothing less than letting a tiger into the sheepfold.”
Han Fu replied, “I am one of the clients of the
Yuan family, and I know the abilities of Yuan Shao,
which is far better than mine. Why are you all so
jealous? The ancients counseled yielding to the
Geng Wu sighed, “Jizhou is lost!”
When the news got abroad, more than thirty
officers of Jizhou left their employment and the city.
However, Geng Wu and Guan Chun hid in the
suburbs to await the arrival of Yuan Shao.
They had not long to wait. Some days later, Yuan
Shao with his soldiers came, and Geng Wu and
Guan Chun tried to assassinate him with knives. This
attempt failed. Yuan Shao’s generals, Yan Liang and
Wen Chou, beheaded Geng Wu and Guan Chun
instantly. Thus both of them died, and the object of
their hatred entered Jizhou City.
Yuan Shao’s first act was to confer on Han Fu a
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high sounding title—General Who Demonstrates
Grand and Vigor Courage in Arms—, but the
administration was entrusted to four of Yuan Shao’s
confidants—Tian Feng, Ju Shou, Xu You, and Peng
Ji—who speedily deprived the Imperial Protector of
all power. Full of chagrin, Han Fu soon abandoned
all, even his family, and rode alone to take refuge
with the Governor of Chenliu, Zhang Miao.
Hearing of Yuan Shao’s invasion, Gongsun Zan
sent his brother, Gongsun Yue, to see the usurper
and demand his share of the region.
“I want to see your elder brother himself. He and I
have things to discuss,” said Yuan Shao.
Thus Gongsun Yue was sent back. But after
traveling some fifteen miles on the homeward road,
Gongsun Yue saw a group of soldiers appear.
“We are guards of Prime Minister Dong Zhuo,”
cried the soldiers.
Instantly, Gongsun Yue was killed by a flight of
arrows. Those of Gongsun Yue’s followers who
escaped carried the news to their late master’s
Gongsun Zan was very angry and said, “Yuan
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Shao prevailed on me to attack, and now he has
taken possession. Also he pretends the murderers of
my brother were not his people. Shall I not avenge
my brother’s injury?”
Gongsun Zan brought up all his force to the
attack. Learning the movement, Yuan Shao sent out
his army, and they met at River Pan. They halted on
opposite sides of the river, over which was a bridge.
Gongsun Zan took his station on the bridge and cried
to his enemy, “Renegade, how dared you mislead
Yuan Shao rode to the other end of the bridge
and, pointing at Gongsun Zan, replied, “Han Fu
yielded place to me because he was unequal to the
rule. What concern is it of yours?”
Gongsun Zan replied, “Formerly you were
regarded as loyal and public spirited, and we chose
you chief of the confederacy. Now your deeds prove
you cruel and base and wolf−hearted in behavior.
How can you look the world in the face?”
“Who will capture him?” cried Yuan Shao in a
At once Wen Chou rode out with his spear set.
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Gongsun Zan rode down the bridge to the enemy’s
side, where the two engaged. Ten bouts showed
Gongsun Zan the terrible power of Wen Chou, and
so he drew off. The enemy came on. Gongsun Zan
took refuge within his formation, but Wen Chou cut
his way in and rode this way and that, slaying right
and left. The four best of Gongsun Zan’s generals
offered joint battle, but one fell under the first stroke
of the doughty warrior, and the other three fled. Wen
Chou followed clearing through to the rear of the
army. Gongsun Zan made for the mountains. Wen
Chou forced his horse to its utmost pace, crying
hoarsely, “Down! Dismount and surrender.”
Gongsun Zan fled for life. His bow and quiver
dropped from his shoulders, his helmet fell off, and
his hair streamed straight behind him as he rode in
and out between the sloping hills. Then his steed
stumbled and he was thrown, rolling over and over to
the foot of the slope.
Wen Chou was now very near and poising his
spear for the thrust. Then suddenly came out from
the shelter of a grassy mound on the left a general of
youthful mien, but sitting his steed bravely and
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holding a sturdy spear. He rode directly at Wen
Chou, and Gongsun Zan crawled up the slope to
look on.
The new warrior was of middle height with bushy
eyebrows and large eyes, a broad face and a heavy
jowl, a youth of commanding presence. The two
exchanged some fifty bouts and yet neither had the
advantage. Then Gongsun Zan’s rescue force came
along, and Wen Chou turned and rode away. The
youth did not pursue.
Gongsun Zan hurried down the hill and asked the
young fellow who he was. He bowed low and replied,
“My name is Zhao Yun from Changshan. I first
served Yuan Shao; but when I saw that he was
disloyal to his prince and careless of the welfare of
the people, I left him and I was on my way to offer
service to you. This meeting in this place is most
Gongsun Zan was very pleased, and the two
went together to the camp, where they at once
busied themselves with preparations for a new
Next day Gongsun Zan prepared for fight by
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dividing his army into two wings. He had five
thousand cavalry in the center, all mounted on white
horses. Gongsun Zan had formerly seen service
against the frontier tribes, the Qiang Peoples, where
he always placed his white horses in the van of his
army, and thus he had won the sobriquet of General
Who Commands White Horses. The tribes held him
so much in fear that they always fled as soon as the
white horses, their sacred creatures, appeared.
On Yuan Shao’s side Yan Liang and Wen Chou
were Leaders of the Van. Each had one thousand of
archers and crossbowmen. They were set out half on
either side, those on the left to shoot at Gongsun
Zan’s right and those on the right to shoot at his left.
In the center was Qu Yi with eight hundred bowmen
and ten thousand of foot and horse. Yuan Shao took
command of the reserve force in the rear.
In this fight Gongsun Zan employed his new
adherent Zhao Yun for the first time and, as
Gongsun Zan did not feel assured of Zhao Yun’s
good faith, put him in command of a company at the
rear. The Van Leader was Yan Guang, and Gongsun
Zan himself commanded the center. He took his
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place on horseback on the bridge beside an
enormous red standard on which was displayed the
word “Commanding General” in gold embroidery.
From sunrise to noon the drums rolled for the
attack, but Yuan Shao’s army made no move. Qu Yi
made his bowmen hide under their shields. They
heard the roar of explosions, the whistling of arrows,
and the rattle of the drums, as Yan Guang
approached from the other side, but Qu Yi and his
men lay closer than ever and never stirred. They
waited till Yan Guang had got close on them and
then, as the sound of a bomb rent the air, the whole
eight hundred men let fly their arrows in a cloud. Yan
Guang was quite taken aback and would have
retired, but Qu Yi rode furiously toward him, whirled
up his sword and cut him down.
So Gongsun Zan’s army lost that battle. The two
wings that should have come to the rescue were
kept back by the bowmen under Yan Liang and Wen
Chou. Yuan Shao’s troops advanced right up to the
bridge. Then Qu Yi rode forward, slew the standard
bearer, and hacked through the staff of the
embroidered banner. Seeing this, Gongsun Zan
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turned his steed and galloped away.
Qu Yi followed. But just as he caught up the
fugitive, there came prancing forth Zhao Yun, who
rode directly at him with spear ready to strike. After a
few bouts Qu Yi was laid in the dust. Then Zhao Yun
attacked the soldiers and turned the tide. Plunging
forward on this side, dashing in on that, he went
through as if there were no antagonists and, seeing
this, Gongsun Zan turned and came again into the
fight. The final victory was on his side.
From the scouts sent to find out how the battle
went, Yuan Shao heard the good news of Qu Yi’s
success in slaying the standard bearer, capturing the
flag, and his pursuit. So Yuan Shao took no further
care but rode out with his General Tian Feng and a
few guards to look on at the enemy and enjoy his
“Ha ha!” Yuan Shao laughed. “Gongsun Zan is an
But even as Yuan Shao spoke, he saw in front
the redoubtable Zhao Yun. His guards hastened to
prepare their bows, but before they could shoot,
Zhao Yun was in their midst, and men were falling
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before him wherever he went. The others fled.
Gongsun Zan’s army then gathered round and
hemmed in Yuan Shao.
Tian Feng then said to his master, “Sir, take
refuge in this empty building here.”
But Yuan Shao dashed his helmet to the ground,
crying “The brave man rather faces death in the
battle than seeks safety behind a wall!”
This bold speech gave new courage to his
soldiers who now fought fiercely and with such
success that Zhao Yun could nowhere force his way
in. Yuan Shao was soon reinforced by the arrival of
his main body and Yan Liang, and the two armies
pressed forward. Zhao Yun could only just get
Gongsun Zan safe out of the press. Then they fought
their way back to the bridge. But Yuan Shao’s troops
still came on and fought their way across the bridge,
forcing multitudes of their adversaries into the water,
where many were drowned.
Yuan Shao was leading in person and his troops
still advanced. But not more than two miles, for soon
a great shouting was heard behind some hills,
whence suddenly burst out a body of troops led by
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Liu Bei, Guan Yu, and Zhang Fei.
At Pingyuan they had heard of the struggle
between their protector and his enemy, Yuan Shao,
and had at once set out to help. Now the three
riders, each with his peculiar weapon, flew straight at
Yuan Shao, who was so frightened that his soul
seemed to leave his body and fly beyond the
confines of heaven.
His sword fell from his hand and he fled for his
life. He was chased across the bridge when
Gongsun Zan called in his army and they returned to
After the usual greetings Gongsun Zan said, “If
you had not come to our help, we should have been
in very bad case.”
Liu Bei and Zhao Yun were made acquainted with
each other, and a warm affection sprang up from the
very first so that they were always together.
Yuan Shao had lost that battle, and Gongsun Zan
would not risk another. They strengthened their
defenses, and the armies lay inactive for over a
month. In the meantime news of the fighting had
reached Capital Changan, and Dong Zhuo was told.
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His adviser, Li Ru, went to see his master and
said, “The two active leaders of today are Yuan Shao
and Gongsun Zan, who are at grips at River Pan.
Pretend you have an imperial command to make
peace between them, and both will support you out
of gratitude for your intervention.”
“Good!” said Dong Zhuo. So he sent the Imperial
Guardian, Ma Midi, and the Minister of the Palace
Bureau, Zhao Qi, on the mission. When these men
were arriving the North of Yellow River, Yuan Shao
sent out to welcome them thirty miles from his
headquarters and received the imperial command
with the greatest respect. Then the two officers went
to Gongsun Zan and made known their errand.
Gongsun Zan sent letters to his adversary proposing
friendship. The two emissaries returned to report
their task accomplished. Gongsun Zan drew off his
army. He also sent up a memorial eulogizing Liu Bei,
who was raised to the rank of Governor of Pingyuan.
The farewell between Liu Bei and Zhao Yun was
affecting. They held each other’s hands a long time,
their eyes streaming with tears, and could not tear
themselves apart.
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Zhao Yun said with a sob, “I used to think
Gongsun Zan a true hero, but 1 see now that he is
no different from Yuan Shao. They are both alike.”
“But you are now in his service; we shall surely
meet again,” said Liu Bei.
Both men wept freely as they separated.
Now Yuan Shu in Nanyang, hearing that his
brother had come into Jizhou, sent to beg a
thousand horses. The request was refused and
enmity sprang up between the brothers. Yuan Shu
also sent to Jingzhou to borrow grain, which Imperial
Protector Liu Biao would not send. In his resentment,
Yuan Shu wrote to Sun Jian trying to get him to
attack Liu Biao. The letter ran like this:
“When Liu Biao stopped you on your way home, it
was at the instigation of my brother. Now the same
two have
planned to fall upon your territories southeast of
the Great River, wherefore you should at once strike
at Liu Biao. I will capture my brother for you and both
resentments will be appeased. You will get Jingzhou,
and I shall have Jizhou.”
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“I cannot bear Liu Biao,” said Sun Jian as he
finished reading this letter. “He certainly did bar my
way home, and I may wait many years for my
revenge if I let slip this chance.”
He called a council.
“You may not trust Yuan Shu; he is very
deceitful,” said Cheng Pu.
“I want revenge on my own part; what care I for
his help?” said Sun Jian.
He dispatched Huang Gai to prepare a river fleet,
arm and provision them. Big warships were to take
horses on board. The force soon set out.
News of these preparations came to Liu Biao, and
he hastily summoned his advisers and warriors.
Kuai Liang told him to be free from anxiety, and
said, “Put General Huang Zu at the head of the
Jiangxia army to make the first attack and you, Sir,
support him with the forces from Xiangyang. Let Sun
Jian come riding the rivers and straddling the lakes;
what strength will he have left after arriving here?”
So Liu Biao bade Huang Zu prepare to march,
and a great army was assembled.
Here it may be said that Sun Jian had four sons,
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all the issue of his wife who was of the Wu family.
Their names in order were Sun Ce, Sun Quan, Sun
Yi, and Sun Kuang. Sun Jian had a second wife who
was the sister of his first wife. And the second wife
bore him a son and a daughter, the former called
Sun Lang, the latter Sun Ren. Sun Jian had also
adopted a son from the Yu family named Sun Shao.
And he had a younger brother named Sun Jing.
As Sun Jian was leaving on this expedition, his
brother Sun Jing with all his six sons stood in front of
Sun Jian’s steed and dissuaded him, saying, “Dong
Zhuo is the real ruler of the state, for the Emperor is
a weakling. The whole country is in rebellion, every
one is scrambling for territory. Our area is
comparatively peaceful, and it is wrong to begin a
war merely for the sake of a little resentment. I pray
you, Brother, think before you start.”
Sun Jian replied, “Brother, say no more. I desire
to make my strength felt throughout the empire, and
shall I not avenge my injuries?”
“Then father, if you must go, let me accompany
you,” said the eldest son Sun Ce.
This request was granted, and father and son
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embarked to go to ravage the city of Fankou.
Now Huang Zu had placed archers and
crossbowmen along the river bank. When the ships
approached, a flight of arrows met them. Sun Jian
ordered his troops to remain under cover in the
ships, which then sailed to and fro, drawing the fire
for three days. Several times the ships pretended to
land, and this drew showers of arrows from the bank.
At last the arrows of the defenders were all shot
away and Sun Jian, who collected them, found he
had many myriads. Then with a fair wind Sun Jian’s
troops shot them back to the enemy. Those on the
bank were thrown into great disorder and retired.
The army then landed. Two divisions led by Cheng
Pu and Huang Gai set out for Huang Zu’s camp
along different roads, and between them marched
Han Dang. Under this triple attack Huang Zu was
worsted. He left Fankou and hastened to
Leaving the ships under the command of Huang
Gai, Sun Jian led the pursuing force. Huang Zu
came out of his city and drew up for battle in the
open country. When Sun Jian had disposed his
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army, he rode out to the standard. Sun Ce, clad in
armor, placed himself beside his father.
Huang Zu rode out with two generals—Zhang Hu
from Jiangxia and Chen Sheng from Xiangyang.
Flourishing his whip, Huang Zu abused his enemy,
“You swarm of rebels from Changsha! Why do you
invade the land of a scion of the ruling house?”
Zhang Hu challenged to combat, and Han Dang
went out to accept. The two champions fought thirty
bouts, and then Chen Sheng, seeing his fellow
general becoming exhausted, rode to his aid. Sun
Jian saw Chen Sheng coming, laid aside his spear,
reached for his bow, and shot an arrow wounding
Chen Sheng in the face. He fell from his horse. Panic
seized upon Zhang Hu at the fall of his comrade, and
he could no longer defend himself. Then Han Dang
with a slash of his sword clove Zhang Hu’s skull in
Both having fallen, Cheng Pu galloped up to
make prisoner of Huang Zu, who threw off his
helmet, slipped from his steed, and mingled for
safety among his troops. Sun Jian led on the attack
and drove the enemy to the Han River where he
Three Kingdoms Romance
ordered Huang Gai to move the fleet upriver and
moor there.
Huang Zu led his defeated troops back and told
Liu Biao, saying, “Sun Jian was too strong for my
Kuai Liang was called in to advise and he said,
“Our newly defeated soldiers have no heart for
fighting now. Therefore we must fortify our position,
while we seek help from Yuan Shao. Then we can
extricate ourselves.”
“A stupid move,” said Cai Mao. “The enemy is at
the city gates; shall we fold our hands and wait to be
slain? Give me troops and I will go out and fight to
the finish.”
So Cai Mao was placed in command of ten
thousand troops and went out to the Xian Hills where
he drew up his battle line. Sun Jian led the invaders,
now flushed with success. When Cai Mao
approached, Sun Jian looked at him and said, “He is
brother−in−law to Liu Biao; who will capture him?”
Cheng Pu set his iron−spined lance and rode out.
After a few bouts Cai Mao turned and fled. Sun
Jian’s army rode in and slaughtered till corpses filled
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the countryside, and Cai Mao took refuge in
Kuai Liang said, “Cai Mao ought to be put to
death by military law. This defeat was due to his
But Liu Biao was unwilling to punish the brother of
his newly wedded wife.
Sun Jian surrounded Xiangyang and assailed the
walls daily. One day a fierce gale sprang up and the
pole bearing his standard was broken.
“Very inauspicious!” said Han Dang. “We ought to
go back.”
Sun Jian said, “I have won every battle and the
city is on the point of falling. Shall I return because
the wind breaks a flagstaff?”
He flouted the advice and attacked the walls still
more vigorously.
Within the city the defenders had seen an omen.
Kuai Liang told Liu Biao, “Last night I saw that a
great star fall into the sky corresponding to Sun
Jian’s territory. I calculated that it inferred the fall of
Sun Jian.”
Then Kuai Liang advised Liu Biao to seek help
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from Yuan Shao as quickly as possible.
So Liu Biao wrote. Then he asked who would
undertake to fight his way through the blockade with
the letter. One Lu Gong, a warrior of great strength,
offered himself for this service.
Kuai Liang said, “If you undertake this service,
listen to my advice. You will have five hundred
soldiers; choose good bowmen. Dash through the
enemy’s formation and make for Xian Hills. You will
be pursued; but send a hundred soldiers up the hill
to prepare large stones, and place a hundred
archers in ambush in the woods. These are not to
flee from the pursuers but to beguile them along
devious ways round to the place where the boulders
have been prepared. There stones will be rolled
down and arrows shot. If you succeed, fire off a
series of bombs as a signal, and the armies in the
city will come out to help. If you are not pursued, get
away as fast as possible. Tonight will be suitable as
there is very little moon. Start at dusk.”
Lu Gong having received these directions,
prepared his force to carry them out. As soon as day
began to close in, he went quietly out at the east
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gate. Sun Jian was in his tent when he heard
shouting and a soldier came to report: “There was a
group of horsemen going out from the city.”
Sun Jian at once mounted and rode out with thirty
horsemen to discover the cause. Lu Gong’s troops
had already hidden themselves in the thick woods.
Sun Jian rode ahead of his escort, and soon he
found himself alone and close to the enemy. He
called out to them to halt. Lu Gong at once turned
back and came as if to fight. But they had only
exchanged a single pass when Lu Gong again fled,
taking the road among the hills. Sun Jian followed
but soon lost sight of his foe.
Sun Jian turned up the hill. Then the gongs
clanged and down the hills fell showers of stones,
while from among the trees the arrows flew in
clouds. Sun Jian was hit by several arrows and a
huge stone crushed in his head. Both he and his
steed were killed. Sun Jian was only thirty−seven
years old at his death.
His escort was overpowered and every man of
them slain. Then Lu Gong let off a series of bombs,
the sign of success, as agreed. At this signal Huang
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Zu, Kuai Yue, and Cai Mao led three armies out of
the city and fell upon the Changsha troops, throwing
them into the utmost confusion.
When Huang Gai heard the sound of battle, he
led up the troops from the ships. He met Huang Zu
and took Huang Zu prisoner after a brief fight.
Cheng Pu set out to bear the sad news to Sun
Ce. While he was seeking a way out, he came
across Lu Gong. Cheng Pu at once put his horse at
full speed and engaged Lu Gong. After a few bouts
Lu Gong went down under a spear thrust. The battle
became general and continued till daylight broke,
when each drew off his army. Liu Biao withdrew into
the city.
When Sun Ce returned to the river, he heard that
his father had perished in the fight, and his body had
been carried within the enemy’s walls. He uttered a
great cry, and the army joined him with wailing and
“How can I return home leaving my father’s
corpse with them?” cried Sun Ce.
Huang Gai said, “We have Huang Zu as our
prisoner. Let one enter the city and discuss peace,
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giving up our prisoner for our lord’s body.”
He had barely finished speaking when an officer
in the army, Huan Jie, offered himself as messenger,
saying, “I am an old friend of Liu Biao. I volunteer to
take the mission.”
Sun Ce agreed. So Huan Jie went and peace was
discussed. Liu Biao told Huan Jie, saying, “The body
is already laid in a coffin and ready to be delivered
as soon as Huang Zu returned. Let us both cease
fighting and never again invade each other’s
Huan Jie thanked him and took his leave. But as
Huan Jie went down the steps, Kuai Liang suddenly
broke in, saying, “No, no! Let me speak and I will see
to it that not a single enemy can survive. I pray you
first put this person to death and then to employ my
Pursuing his enemy, Sun Jian dies;
On a peaceful mission, Huan Jie is threatened.
The fate of the ambassador will be disclosed in a
later chapter.
Three Kingdoms Romance

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