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CHAPTER 119. The False Surrender: A Wit Scheme Becomes A Vain Plan; The Abdication: Later Seeds Learns From The Ancient.

| Articles of Ancient China, English Version - Romance of the Three Kingdoms Novel | March 7, 2011

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Asked to say what was the best plan to secure
the arrest of Deng Ai, Jiang Wei said, “Send Wei
Guan. If Deng Ai tries to kill Wei Guan, he will
manifest the desire of his heart. Then you can
destroy him as a traitor.”
Hence Wei Guan was sent, with some thirty men,
to effect the arrest.
Wei Guan’s own people saw the danger of the
enterprise and urged him not to go, saying, “Zhong
Hui clearly wants Deng Ai to kill you to prove his
But Wei Guan said, “Do not worry. I have a
scheme prepared.”
Wei Guan first wrote a score or two of letters, all
in the same terms, saying: “Wei Guan has orders to
arrest Deng Ai, but no other persons will be dealt
with providing they submit quickly. Rewards await
those who obey the Imperial Command. However,
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the punishment for laggards and those who are
contumacious will be death to the whole family.”
Wei Guan sent these letters to various officers
who were serving under Deng Ai. He also prepared
two cage carts.
Wei Guan and his small party reached Chengdu
about cockcrow and found waiting for him most of
the officers to whom he had written. They at once
yielded. Deng Ai was still asleep when the party
reached his palace, but Wei Guan entered and
forced his way into Deng Ai’s chamber.
He roared out: “I serve the Son of Heaven’s
command to arrest Deng Ai and his son!”
The noise awakened the sleeper, who tumbled off
his couch in alarm. But before Deng Ai could do
anything to defend himself, he was seized, securely
bound, and huddled into one of the carts. Deng Ai’s
son, Deng Zhong, rushed in at the noise, but was
also made prisoner and thrust into the other cart.
Many generals and attendants in the Palace want to
attempt a rescue, but before they had prepared, they
saw dust arose outside, and Zhong Hui with an army
was close at hand, thus they scattered.
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Zhong Hui and Jiang Wei dismounted at the
Palace gates and entered. The former, seeing both
the Dengs prisoners, struck the elder about the head
and face with his whip and insulted him, saying, “Vile
cattle breeder! How dare you have your own
Nor was Jiang Wei backward.
“You fool! See what your good luck has brought
you today!” cried he.
And Deng Ai replied in kind. Zhong Hui at once
sent off both the prisoners to Luoyang, and then
entered Chengdu in state. He added all Deng Ai’s
army to his own forces, so that he became very
“Today I have attained the one desire of my life,”
cried Zhong Hui.
Jiang Wei replied, “At the beginning of Han, Han
Xin hearkened not to Kuai Tong to establish his own
kingdom, and so blundered into trouble at the
Weiyang Palace, where he met his fate. In Yue, High
Minister Wen Zhong would not follow Fan Li into
retirement on the lakes, and so fell victim to a sword.
No one would say these two—Han Xin and Wen
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Zhong—were not brilliant, but they did not scent
danger early enough. Now, Sir, your merit is great
and your prestige overwhelming that of your prince,
but why do you risk future dangers? Why not sail off
in a boat leaving no trace of your going? Why not go
to Mount Omi and wander free with Master
Zhong Hui smiled.
“I do not think your advice much to the point. I am
a young man, not forty yet, and think rather of going
on than halting. I could not take up a do−nothing
hermit’s life.”
“If you do not, then take heed and prepare for
dangers. Think out a careful course, as you are well
able to do. You need not trouble any old fool for
Zhong Hui laughed loud and rubbed his hands
together with glee.
“How well you know my thoughts, my friend!” said
They two became absorbed in the plans for their
grand scheme.
But Jiang Wei wrote a secret letter to the Latter
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Ruler, saying:
“I pray Your Majesty be patient and put up with
humiliations for a season, for Jiang Wei, your humble
servant, will
have the country restored in good time. The sun
and moon are all the more glorious when they burst
through the dark clouds. The House of Han is not yet
While Zhong Hui and Jiang Wei were planning
how best to outwit each other, but both being against
Wei, there suddenly arrived a letter from Sima Zhao,
saying, “I am at Changan with an army lest there
should be any difficulty in disposing of Deng Ai. I
need you to come to discuss state affairs.”
Zhong Hui divined the real purport at once.
“He suspects,” said Zhong Hui. “He knows quite
well that my army outnumbers that of Deng Ai many
times and I could do what he wishes easily. There is
more than that in his coming.”
He consulted Jiang Wei, who said, “When the
prince suspects a minister, that minister dies. Have
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we not seen Deng Ai?”
“This decides me,” replied Zhong Hui. “Success,
and the empire is mine; failure, and I go west into
Shu to be another Liu Bei, but without his mistakes.”
Jiang Wei said, “Empress Guo of Wei has just
died. You can pretend she left you a command to
destroy Sima Zhao, the real murderer of the
Emperor. Your talents are quite sufficient to conquer
the empire.”
“Will you lead the van?” said Zhong Hui. “When
success is ours, we will share the spoil.”
“The little I can do, I will do most willingly,” said
Jiang Wei. “But I am not sure of the support of all our
“Tomorrow is the Feast of Lanterns, and we can
gather in the Palace for the congratulations. There
will be grand illuminations, and we will prepare a
banquet for the officers, whereat we can kill all those
who will not follow us.”
At this, the heart of Jiang Wei leapt with joy.
Invitations were sent out in the joint names of the two
conspirators, and the feast began. After several
courses, suddenly Zhong Hui lifted his cup and broke
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into wailing.
Everyone asked what was the cause of this grief,
and Zhong Hui replied. “The Empress has just died,
but before her death she gave me an edict, which is
here, recounting the crimes of Sima Zhao and
charging him with aiming at the Throne. I am
commissioned to destroy him, and you all must join
me in the task.”
The guests stared at each other in amazement,
but no one uttered a word. Then the host suddenly
drew his sword, crying, “Here is death for those who
Not one was bold enough to refuse, and, one by
one, they all signed a promise to help. As further
security, they were all kept prisoners in the Palace
under careful guard.
“They are not really with us,” said Jiang Wei. “I
venture to request you to bury them.”
“A great pit has been already dug,” replied his
brother host. “And I have a lot of clubs ready. We
can easily club those who disagree and bury them in
the pit.”
As Jiang Wei and Zhong Hui discussed the
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matter, General Qiu Jian, a man in the confidence of
the conspirators, was present. He had once served
under Commander Hu Lie, who was one of the
imprisoned guests, and thus he found means to warn
his former chief.
Hu Lie wept and said, “My son, Hu Yuan, is in
command of a force outside the city. He will never
suspect Zhong Hui capable of such a crime, and I
pray you tell him. If I am to die, it will be with less
regret if my son can be told.”
“Kind master, have no anxiety; only leave it to
me,” replied Qiu Jian.
He went to Zhong Hui, and said, “Sir, you are
holding in captivity a large number of officers, and
they are suffering from lack of food and water. Will
you not appoint an officer to supply their needs?”
Zhong Hui was accustomed to yield to the wishes
of Qiu Jian, and he made no difficulty about this. He
told Qiu Jian to see to it himself, only saying, “I am
placing great trust in you, and you must be loyal. Our
secret must be kept.”
“My lord, you may be quite content. I know how to
keep a strict watch when necessary.”
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And Qiu Jian allowed to enter into the place of
confinement a trusty confidant of Hu Lie, who gave
him a letter to his son Hu Yuan.
When Hu Yuan knew the whole story, he was
astonished and told his subordinates, and they were
greatly enraged. They came to their commander’s
tent to say: “We would rather die than follow a rebel.”
So Hu Yuan fixed upon the eighteenth day of the
month to attempt the rescue. He enlisted the
sympathy of Wei Guan and got his army ready. He
bade Qiu Jian tell his father what was afoot. Hu Lie
then told his fellow−captives.
One day Zhong Hui said to Jiang Wei, “Last night
I dreamed a dream, that I was bitten by many
serpents. Can you expound the vision?”
Jiang Wei replied, “Dreams of dragons and
snakes and scaly creatures are exceedingly
Zhong Hui was only too ready to accept this
interpretation. Then he told Jiang Wei that all was
ready and they would put the crucial question to
each captive.
“I know they are opposed to us, and you would do
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well to slay them all, and that right quickly,” replied
Jiang Wei.
“Good,” replied Zhong Hui.
He bade Jiang Wei with several braves kill the
Wei leaders among the captives. But just as Jiang
Wei was starting to carry out these instructions, he
was seized with a sudden spasm of the heart, so
severe that he fainted. He was raised from the earth
and in time revived. Just as he came to, a
tremendous hubbub arose outside the Palace.
Zhong Hui at once sent to inquire what was afoot,
but the noise waxed louder and louder, sounding like
the rush of a multitude.
“The officers must be raging,” said Zhong Hui.
“We would best slay them at once.”
But they told him: “The outside soldiers are in the
Zhong Hui bade them close the doors of the Hall
of Audience, and he sent his own troops upon the
roof to pelt the incoming soldiers with tiles. Many
were slain on either side in the melee. Then a fire
broke out. The assailants broke open the doors.
Zhong Hui faced them and slew a few, but others
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shot at him with flights of arrows, and he fell and
died. They hacked off his head.
Jiang Wei ran to and fro slaying all he met till
another heart spasm seized him.
“Failed!” he shrieked, “But it is the will of Heaven.”
He put an end to his own life. He was fifty−nine.
Many hundreds were slain within the precincts of
the Palace. Wei Guan presently ordered that the
soldiers were to be led back to their various camps
to await the orders of the Duke of Jin. The soldiers of
Wei, burning for revenge of his many invasions,
hacked the dead body of Jiang Wei to pieces. They
found his gall bladder extraordinarily large, as large
as a hen’s egg. They also seized and slew all the
family of the dead leader.
Seeing that Deng Ai’s two enemies on the spot
were both dead, his old soldiers bethought
themselves of trying to rescue him. When Wei Guan,
who had actually arrested Deng Ai, heard this, he
feared for his life.
“If Deng Ai lives, I will die in his hand,” said Wei
Furthermore, General Tian Xu said, “When Deng
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Ai took Jiangyou, he wished to put me to death. It
was only at the prayer of my friends that he let me
off. May I not have my revenge now?”
So Wei Guan gave order. At the head of five
hundred cavalry, Tian Xu went in pursuit of the
cage−carts. He came up with them at Mianzhu and
found that the two prisoners had just been released
from the carts in which they were being carried to
Luoyang. When Deng Ai saw that those coming up
were soldiers of his own late command, he took no
thought for defense. Nor did Tian Xu waste time in
preliminaries. He went up to where Deng Ai was
standing and cut him down. His soldiers fell upon the
son, Deng Zhong, and slew him also, and thus father
and son met death in the same place.
A poem, pitying Deng Ai, was written:
While yet a boy, Deng Ai loved to sketch and
He was an able leader as a man.
The earth could hide no secrets from his eye,
With equal skill he read the starry sky.
Past every obstacle his way he won,
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And onward pressed until his task was done.
But foulest murder closed a great career,
His spirit ranges now a larger sphere.
A poem was also composed in pity for Zhong Hui:
Of mother wit Zhong Hui had no scanty share,
And in due time at court did office bear;
His subtle plans shook Sima Zhao’s hold on
He was well named the Zhang Liang of the hour.
Shouchun−Bedford and Saber Pass ramparts
straight fell down,
When he attacked, and he won great renown.
Ambition beckoned, he would forward press
His spirit homeward wandered, bodiless.
Another poem, in pity of Jiang Wei, runs:
Tianshui boasts of a hero,
Talent came forth from Xizhou,
Lu Wang fathered his spirit,
Zhuge Liang tutored his mind,
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Valiant he ever pressed forward,
Nor had a thought of returning,
Grieved were the soldiers of Han
When death rapt his soul from his body.
And thus died all three leaders. Many other
generals also perished in the fighting, and with them
died Zhang Yi and other officers. Liu Rui, the
heir−apparent, and Guan Yi, Lord of Hanshou were
also killed by the Wei soldiers. Followed a time of
great confusion and bloodshed, which endured till Jia
Chong arrived and restored confidence and order.
Jia Chong set Wei Guan over the city of Chengdu
and sent the captive Latter Ruler to Luoyang. A few
officers—Fan Jian, Zhang Shao, Qiao Zhou, and Xi
Zheng—accompanied the deposed emperor on this
degrading journey. Liao Hua and Dong Jue made
illness an excuse not to go. They died of grief soon
At this time the year−style of Wei was changed
from Wonderful Beginning, the fifth year, to Great
Glory, the first year (AD 264). In the third month of
this year, since nothing could be done to assist Shu
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to recover its independence, the troops of Wu under
Ding Feng were withdrawn and returned to their own
Now Secretary Hua Jiao sent up a memorial to
Sun Xiu, the Ruler of Wu, saying, “Wu and Shu were
as close as are one’s lips to one’s teeth, and when
the lips are gone the teeth are cold. Without doubt
Sima Zhao
will now turn his thoughts to attacking us, and
Your Majesty must realize the danger and prepare to
meet it.”
Sun Xiu knew that he spoke truly, so he set Lu
Kang, son of the late leader Lu Xun, over the army of
Jingzhou and the river ports with the title General
Who Guards the East; Sun Yi was sent to Nanxu;
and Ding Feng was ordered to set up several
hundred garrisons along the river banks.
When Huo Yi, Governor of Jianning, heard that
Chengdu had been taken, he dressed himself in
white and wailed during three days, facing east
toward the capital.
“Now that the capital has fallen and the Ruler of
Shu is a captive, it would be well to surrender,” said
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his officers.
Huo Yi replied, “There is a hindrance. I know not
how fares our lord, whether he is in comfort or in
misery. If his captors treat him generously, then will I
yield. But perhaps they will put him to shame; and
when the prince is shamed, the minister dies.”
So certain persons were sent to Luoyang to find
out how fared the Latter Ruler.
Soon after the Latter Ruler reached the capital of
Wei, Sima Zhao returned.
Seeing the Latter Ruler at court, Sima Zhao
upbraided him, saying, “You deserved death for your
vicious courses—corrupt morality, unchecked
self−indulgence, contempt of good people, and
misgovernment—, which had brought misfortune
upon yourself.”
Hearing this, the face of the Latter Ruler turned to
the color of clay with fear, and he was speechless.
But the courtiers said, “He has lost his kingdom,
he has surrendered without a struggle, and he now
deserves pardon.”
Thus the Latter Ruler suffered no injury, but was
created Duke of Anle. Moreover, he was assigned a
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residence and a revenue, and he received presents
of silk, and servants were sent to wait upon him,
males and females in total one hundred. His son Liu
Yao and the officers of Shu—Fan Jian, Qiao Zhou,
Xi Zheng, and others—were given ranks of nobility.
The Latter Ruler expressed his thanks and left.
Huang Hao, whose evil influence had brought the
kingdom to nought, and who had oppressed the
people, was put to death with ignominy in the public
When Huo Yi heard all these things, he came with
his officers and yielded submission.
Next day the Latter Ruler went to the residence of
Sima Zhao to thank him for his bounty, and a
banquet was prepared. At the banquet they
performed the music of Wei, with the dances, and
the hearts of the officers of Shu were sad; only the
Latter Ruler appeared merry.
Half way through the feast, Sima Zhao said to Jia
Chong, “The man lacks feeling; that is what has
ruined him. Even if Zhuge Liang had lived, he could
not have maintained such a man. It is no wonder that
Jiang Wei failed.”
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Turning to his guest, Sima Zhao said, “Do you
never think of Shu?”
“With such music as this, I forget Shu,” replied the
Latter Ruler.
Presently the Latter Ruler rose and left the table.
Xi Zheng went over to him and said, “Why did
Your Majesty not say you missed Shu? If Your
Majesty are questioned again, weep and say that in
Shu are the tombs of your forefathers and no day
passes that Your Majesty do not grieve to be so far
away. The Duke of Jin may let Your Majesty return.”
The Latter Ruler promised he would.
When the wine had gone round several more
times, Sima Zhao put the same question a second
time: “Do you never think of Shu?”
The Latter Ruler replied as he had been told. He
also tried to weep, but failed to shed a tear. So he
shut his eyes.
“Is not that just what Xi Zheng told you to say?”
asked Sima Zhao.
“It is just as you say,” was the reply.
They all laughed. But really Sima Zhao was
pleased with the frank answer and felt that nothing
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was to be feared from him.
Laughter loving, pleasure pursuing,
Rippling smiles over a merry face,
Never a thought of his former glory
In his callous heart finds place.
Childish joy in a change of dwelling,
That he feels and that alone;
Manifest now that he was never
Worthy to sit on his father’s throne.
The courtiers thought that so grand an exploit as
the conquest of the west was worthy of high honor,
so they memorialized the Ruler of Wei, Cao Huang,
to confer the rank Prince of Jin on Sima Zhao. At that
time, Cao Huang ruled in name only, for he had no
authority. The whole land was under Sima Zhao,
whose will the Emperor himself dared not cross. And
so, in due course, the Duke of Jin became Prince of
After being made Prince of Jin, Sima Zhao
posthumously created his father, Sima Yi, the
Original Prince and his late elder brother, Sima Shi,
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the Wonderful Prince.
The wife of Sima Zhao was the daughter of Wang
Su. She bore to him two sons, the elder of whom
was named Sima Yan. Sima Yan was huge of frame,
his flowing hair reached to the ground when he stood
up, and both hands hung down below his knees. He
was clever, brave, and skilled in the use of arms.
The second son, Sima You, was mild of
disposition, a filial son and a dutiful brother. His
father loved him dearly. As Sima Shi had died
without leaving sons, this youth, Sima You, was
regarded as his son, to continue that line of the
family. Sima Zhao used to say: “The empire was
really my brother’s.”
Becoming a prince, it was necessary for Sima
Zhao to choose his heir, and he wished to name his
younger son Sima You. But Shan Tao remonstrated.
“It is improper and infelicitous to prefer the
younger,” said Shan Tao.
And Jia Chong, He Zeng, and Pei Xiu followed in
the same strain.
“The elder is clever, able in war, one of the most
talented people in the state and popular. With such
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natural advantages he has a great destiny; and was
not born to serve.”
Sima Zhao hesitated, for he was still unwilling to
abandon his desire.
But two other officers—Grand Commander Wang
Xiang and Minister Xun Kai—also remonstrated,
saying, “Certain former dynasties have preferred the
younger before the elder and rebellion has generally
followed. We pray you reflect upon these cases.”
Finally Sima Zhao yielded and named his elder
son Sima Yan as his successor.
Certain officers memorialized: “This year a
gigantic figure of a man descended from heaven in
Xiangwu. His height was twenty feet and his footprint
measured over three feet. He had white hair and a
hoary beard. He wore an unlined yellow robe and a
yellow cape. He walked leaning on a black−handled
staff. This extraordinary man preached, saying, ‘I am
the king of the people, and now I come to tell you of
a change of ruler and the coming of peace.’ He
w a n d e r e d a b o u t f o r t h r e e d a y s a n d t h e n
disappeared. Evidently this portent refers to yourself,
Noble Sir, and now you should assume the imperial
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headdress with twelve strings of pearls, set up the
imperial standard, and have the roads cleared when
you make a progress. You should ride in the
golden−shafted chariot with six horses. Your consort
should be styled ‘Empress’ and your heir ‘Apparent.’“
Sima Zhao was greatly pleased. He returned to
his palace, but just as he was sitting down, he was
suddenly seized with paralysis and lost the use of his
tongue. He quickly grew worse. His three chief
confidants, Wang Xiang, He Zeng, and Xun Kai,
together with many court officials, came to inquire
after his health, but he could not speak to them. He
pointed toward the heir apparent, Sima Yan, and
died. It was the eighth month of that year.
Then said He Zeng, “The care of the empire
devolves upon the Prince of Jin; let us induct the
heir. Then we can perform the sacrifices to the late
Thereupon Sima Yan was set up in his father’s
place. He gave He Zeng the title of Prime Minister;
Sima Wang, Minister of the Interior; Shi Bao,
Commander of the Flying Cavalry; and conferred
many other titles and ranks. The posthumous title of
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the “Scholar Prince” was conferred upon his late
When the obsequies were finished, Sima Yan
summoned Jia Chong and Pei Xiu into the palace,
and said, “Cao Cao said that if the celestial mandate
rested upon him, he could be no more than King
Wen of Zhou, who served as a regent only; is this
really so?”
Jia Chong replied, “Cao Cao was in the service of
Han and feared lest posterity should reproach him
with usurpation. Wherefore he spoke thus.
Nevertheless he cause Cao Pi to become Emperor.”
“How did my father compare with Cao Cao?”
asked Sima Yan.
“Although Cao Cao was universally successful,
yet the people feared him and credited him with no
virtue. Cao Pi’s rule was marked by strife and lack of
tranquillity. No single year was peaceful. Later the
Original Prince and Wonderful Prince of your line
rendered great services and disseminated
compassion and virtue, so that they were beloved.
Your late father overcame Shu in the west and was
universally renowned. Comparison with Cao Cao is
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“Still Cao Pi continued the rule of Han; can I not in
like manner continue that of Wei?”
Jia Chong and Pei Xiu bowed low and said, “Cao
Pi’s action may be taken as a precedent to continue
an older dynasty. Wherefore prepare an abdication
terrace to make the great declaration.”
Sima Yan resolved to act promptly. Next day he
entered the Palace armed with a sword. No court
had been held for many days, for Cao Huang was ill
at ease and full of dread. When Sima Yan appeared,
the Ruler of Wei left his place and advanced to met
him. Sima Yan sat down.
“By whose merits did Wei succeed to empire?” he
asked suddenly.
“Certainly success was due to your forefathers,”
replied Cao Huang.
Sima Yan smiled, saying, “Your Majesty is
unskilled in debate, inept in war, and unfit to rule.
Why not give place to another more able and
Cao Huang’s lips refused a reply.
But Zhang Jie, one of the ministers, cried, “You
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are wrong to speak thus, O Prince. His Majesty’s
ancestor conquered east and west, north and south,
and won the empire by strenuous effort. The present
Emperor is virtuous and without fault. Why should he
yield place to another?”
Sima Yan replied angrily, “The imperial right lay
with the Hans, and Cao Cao coerced them as he did
the nobles. In making himself the Prince of Wei, he
usurped the throne of Han. Three generations of my
forefathers upheld the House of Wei, so that their
power is not the result of their own abilities, but of
the labor of my house. This is known to all the world,
and am I not equal to carrying on the rule of Wei?”
“If you do this thing, you will be a rebel and an
usurper,” said Zhang Jie.
“And what shall I be if I avenge the wrongs of
He bade the lictors take Zhang Jie outside and
beat him to death, while the Ruler of Wei wept and
besought pardon for his faithful counselor.
Sima Yan rose and left.
Cao Huang turned to Jia Chong and Pei Xiu,
saying, “What should I do? Some decision must be
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They replied, “Truth to tell, the measure of your
fate is accomplished and you cannot oppose the will
of Heaven. You must prepare to abdicate as did
Emperor Xian of the Hans. Resign the throne to the
Prince of Jin and thereby accord with the design of
Heaven and the will of the people. Your personal
safety need not cause you anxiety.”
Cao Huang could only accept this advice, and the
terrace was built. The “mouse” day of the twelfth
month was chosen for the ceremony. On that day the
Ruler of Wei, dressed in full robes of ceremony, and
bearing the seal in his hand, ascended the terrace in
the presence of a great assembly.
The House of Wei displaced the House of Han
And Jin succeeded Wei; so turns fate’s wheel
And none escape its grinding. Zhang Jie the true
Stood in the way and died. We pity him.
Vain hope with one small hand to hide Taishan
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The Emperor−elect was requested to ascend the
high place, and there received the great salute. Cao
Huang then descended, robed himself as a minister
and took his place as the first of subjects.
Sima Yan now stood upon the terrace, supported
by Jia Chong and Pei Xiu. Cao Huang was ordered
to prostrate himself, while the command was recited,
and Jia Chong read:
“Forty−five years have elapsed since, in the
twenty−fifth year of Rebuilt Tranquillity, the House of
Han gave place to
the House of Wei. But after forty−five years, the
favor of Heaven has now left the latter House and
reverts to Jin. The merits and services of the family
of Sima reach to the high heavens and pervade the
earth. The Prince of Jin is fitted for the high office
and to continue the rule. Now His Majesty the
Emperor confers upon you the title of Prince of
Chenliu; you are to proceed to the city of Jinyong,
where you will reside; you are forbidden to come to
court unless summoned.”
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Sadly Cao Huang withdrew. Sima Fu, Guardian of
the Throne, wept before the deposed Emperor and
promised eternal devotion.
“I have been a servant of Wei and will never turn
my back upon the House,” said he.
Sima Yan did not take this amiss, and out of
admiration he offered Sima Fu the princedom of
Anping. But Sima Fu declined the offer.
The new Emperor was now seated in his place,
and all the officers made their salutations and
felicitated him. The very hills rang with “Wan shui! O
King, live forever!”
Thus succeeded Sima Yan, and the state was
called Great Jin and a new year−style was changed
from Great Glory, the second year, to Great
Beginning, the first year (AD 265). An amnesty was
declared. Since then Wei Dynasty ended.
The kingdom of Wei had ended.
The Founder of the Dynasty of Jin
Took Wei as model; thus the displaced emperor
Was named a prince, when on the terrace high
His throne he had renounced.
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We grieve when we recall these deeds.
The new Emperor conferred posthumous rank
upon his grandfather, his uncle, and his father: Sima
Yi the Original Emperor, Sima Shi the Wonderful
Emperor, and Sima Zhao the Scholar Emperor. Sima
Yan built seven temples in honor of his ancestors:
Sima Jun, the Han General Who Conquers the West;
Sima Jun’s son, Sima Liang, Governor of Yuzhang;
Sima Liang’s son, Sima Juan, Governor of
Yingchuan; Sima Juan’s son, Sima Fang, Governor
of Jingzhao; Sima Fang’s son, Sima Yi the Original
Emperor; and Sima Yi’s sons, Sima Shi the
Wonderful Emperor and Sima Zhao the Scholar
All these things being accomplished, courts were
held daily, and the one subject of discussion was the
subjugation of Wu.
The House of Han has gone for aye,
And Wu will quickly follow.
The story of the attack upon Wu will be told next.
Three Kingdoms Romance

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